Black Looks - Including an African LGBTIQ+ Archive

Haiti, Vodou

Haitian Vodou – A Short Reading List

Vèvè of Papa Legba – Master of the Crossroads, Guardian of the Pathways of Entrance & Exit

Below is a selection of books on Haitian Vodou which I have read over the past 18 months.  The first two are the most valuable in understanding Vodou and its centrality to Haitian culture and history, it’s timelessness and continued lived connection to Africa – Ginen, Guinea – the place where the spirits are born and where all return on the final journey home.

Nan Domi: An Initiate’s Journey into Haitian Vodou by Mimerose P. Beaubrun of Boukman Eksperyans.   Nan Domi is a journey into Vodou’s interior, it’s mysteries, and rituals as told by Mimerose and her teacher, the marvelous wisdom and patience of  Manbo Tante Tansia.  Nan Domi is an incredible collection of knowledge and wisdom.  It is beautifully written with self-reflection as Mimerose Beaubrun takes us on the journey of her own decolonization.   I treasure this book more than any other I have read.







An Island Possessed  by Katherine Dunham.  Dunham first visited Haiti in 1936 and like many others before and since, became possessed by Haiti.  “Here she reveals how her anthropological research, her work in dance, and her fascination for the people and cults of Haiti worked their spell, catapulting her into experiences that she was often lucky to survive. Here Dunham tells how the island came to be possessed by the demons of voodoo and other cults imported from various parts of Africa, as well as by the deep class divisions, particularly between blacks and mulattos, and the political hatred still very much in evidence today. Full of the flare and suspense of immersion in a strange and enchanting culture, Island Possessed is also a pioneering work in the anthropology of dance and a fascinating document on Haitian politics and voodoo”









The Divine Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti by Russian filmmaker and sometimes assisant to Katherine Dunham, Maya Deren, written in 1953.   Derin went to Haiti intending to stay a few months and ended up staying a few years and becoming an initiate herself.  In addition to the book, she shot 18,000 ft of film of Vodou ceremony.  Her work is one of the earliest accounts on Vodou and is detailed on ritual, music, dance, the Lwa, particularly as practiced in the rural Lakou’s of Haiti.








Vodou in Haitian Life and Culture: Invisible Powers by Claudine Michel & Patrick Bellegarde-Smith [Eds]  Invisible Powers is one of three academic books that focus on the role of Vodou in Haitian culture and history and it’s connections to other areas of the Caribbean.








Haiti, History and the Gods, by Colin Dayan investigates the confrontational space in which Haiti is created and recreated in fiction and fact, text and ritual, discourse and practice. Dayan’s ambitious project is a research tour de force that gives human dimensions to this eighteenth-century French colony and provides a template for understanding the Haiti of today.







The Spirits and the Law: Vodou and Power in Haiti by Kate Ramsey examines the how the law in Haiti has been applied at different times in history to exclude, criminalize and regulate ritual and practices under a broad and contradictory notion of what has become to be known as Haitian Vodou / Vodoun.









Healing in the Homeland: Haitian Vodou Tradition by Margaret Mitchell Armand explores the possibility of attaining decolonization through reconnecting with the past and reclaiming knowledge, particularly for the Affranchi descendent/bourgeois/ elite class in Haiti. This is achieved through a series of narratives of formally educated Haitians who have ‘transcended their class and elite status’ to openly embrace Vodou, Haitian Kreyol, and African-Haitian culture.







Haitian Vodou: Spirit, Myth, and Reality by Patrick Bellegarde-smith Claudine Michel is a continuation of “Invisible Powers” and includes  essays on music, song, education, gender and one of my favorite, healing “The Holistic Medical System of Haitian People’ by Ati Max Beauvoir









Tell My Horse: Voodoo and Life in Haiti and Jamaica  Zora Neale Hurston. A personal account of the author’s experience of Vodou in Haiti and Jamaica








Africa’s Ogun: Old World and New by Sandra T Barnes.  An exploration of the origins of Ogun, Ogou, his complexities, and many forms and the cultural context within he presents himself.







Les Espirits du Vodou Haitien by Hans Ackermann, Maryse Gautier, Michel-Ange Momplasir – lists over 2,000 Lwa including their origin, their family and characters of each.  I’m told there are lots of errors though I would say ‘disagreements’ still this is a comprehensive piece of work and not everyone agrees on everything.







Secrets of Voodoo by Milo Rigaud is one of the early books on Haitian Vodou and comprehensively traces the origins in Africa, across the Atlantic and in Haiti itself.  Rigaud is meticulous in explaining symbols, chants, prayers, the Lwa, roles of Manbo’s and Hougans and the rituals of Vodou










The Logic & Significance of the Haitian Revolution & the Cosmological Roots of Haitian Freedom by Clinton A Hutton 









Mama Lola: A Vodou Priestess in Brooklyn by Karen McCarthy Brown







Fragments of Bone: Neo-African Religions in a New World, Patrick Bellegarde-Smith [Editor]






Haiti: The Beached Citadel, Patrick Bellegarde-Smith







The Vodou Ethic and the Spirit of Communism: The Practical Consciousness of the African People of Haiti, Paul Camy Mocombe